The globalization that happened in the world at this time does not only cause the rotation of investment and fast information, but also it relates to the problem of labor. Many decisive factor so as the Malaysian country became the choice of the migrant labor from Indonesia. Geographically, Malaysia was the closest neighbour of Indonesian country. Transportation were relative easy, cheap and fast. On the other hand, the community of the two countries came from the group of the Malaya ethnic group with the language that was similar and had a closed social relation and same culture since long ago, so as facilitated in interacting (Darwis, 2004)
A migration network has also been created between Indonesia and Malaysia that has increased the coexistence between worker s from the two countries. In building its economy, Malaysia was faced with the problem of labor shortage, especially in the sectors that require manual (unskilled) labor. This situation was made even worse by the fact that Malaysian labor, especially those who have attained medium or high education, could not accept to work in plantations, mines and construction. On the other hand, Indonesia was facing a problem of excess labor because of the limited opportunity in the labor market and the low per capita wages paid (Mantra, 1997).
This research will design particularly to develop a model in the quality and competence of Indonesian migrant labor in construction sector, especially through Competency Based Training. The objectives of the research are (1) to identify the existing condition of Indonesian Labour Migrant in Malaysia, (2) to identify the general processes within the Indonesian migrant labor in Malaysia (3) to propose a model of the Indonesian migrant labor in Malaysia and (4) to calibrate and to validate the model developed
To identify element involved in migrant labor, System Theory is going to be applied. A survey from public and private sector organizations which involved in migrant labor is going to be conducted and analyzed. A conceptual model of migrant labor is developed through Focus Group Discussion (FGD). The final steps are calibrated, validated and simulated the model developed.
Key words: migrant labor, construction, modeling and system theory
"MODELLING CONSTRUCTION MIGRANT LABOR" (Case study Indonesia and Malaysia)
Henny Pratiwi Adi and Mochaamad Agung Wibowo
Construction Management Division
Civil Engineering Department
Diponegoro University, Indonesia